The Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycanın İstiqlal Bəyannaməsi) is the declaration of independence of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic from the Russian Empire. [1] Aghayev put the consideration of the free and independent Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is a fully sovereign state; it consists of the southern and eastern parts of Transcaucasia under the authority of the Azerbaijani people. Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan, Zaqafqaziya Seyminin üzvü Cəfər Axundov, "History of Independent State and Parlament", "President Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in Istiglaliyyat Street on the occasion of May 28 - the Republic Day", Provisional Military Dictatorship of Mughan, To announce the independence of Azerbaijan. Having failed to stop advancing Ottoman troops through negotiation, the Transcaucasian Seim declared war against the Ottomans, which did not change the situation either. That's it. The attempt made by the Baku Soviet to repel the Ottoman army and the Azerbaijani government from Ganja failed and the military operation of the Caucasus Army of Islam to capture Baku city was launched. Based in Tbilisi, the newly formed Azerbaijani government did not have control over its territories. On 5 February 1991, the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopted a resolution recognizing the flag of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic which adopted on 9 November 1918 as the state flag of Azerbaijan.

On November 12, British Prime Minister Lloyd George announced the recognition of Azerbaijan and Georgia independence during his speech at the UK Parliament. However, the Bolshevik takeover in October 1917 following the Russian Revolution halted these democratic changes. Until the Azerbaijani Constituent Assembly is convened, the supreme authority over Azerbaijan is vested in a universally elected National Council and the provisional government responsible to this Council. The Muslim representation in the defunct Transcaucasian Seim had constituted itself into the Azerbaijani National Council, and on May 28, 1918 proclaimed that a new nation was born. [2], Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan, "History of Independent State and Parlament", "President Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in Istiglaliyyat Street on the occasion of May 28 - the Republic Day",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To announce the independence of Azerbaijan, This page was last edited on 18 April 2020, at 09:01. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. 179-XII) The act “On state independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan ” came into force on October 18. [4], On 28 May 1918 in the palace of the former governor of the Russian emperor in the Caucasus in Tiflis, in the blue saloon for Muslim group of Transcaucasian Seim members of Azerbaijan National Council gathered at the meeting chaired by Dr. Hasan bey Aghayev. 1.

The Republic of Azerbaijan is a majority Turkic and secular Muslim nation in the South Caucasus. [5][6], Monument of the Independence Declaration erected on the Istiglaliyyat Street in honor of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was opened on May 25, 2007. the flag depicting the white crescent and eight-pointed star on a red background was declared a temporary symbol of the Republic under the decision of government. While talks were going on in Batumi, the Georgians tried to secure German backing in order to oppose the territorial demands of the Ottomans.

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