He was ordained as a priest on December 23, 1917. The largest Armenian communities outside of Armenia can be found in Russia, France, Iran, the United States, Georgia, Syria, Lebanon, Armenia (/ɑːrˈmiːniə/ (listen);[14] Armenian: Հայաստան, romanized: Hayastan, IPA: [hɑjɑsˈtɑn]), officially the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, romanized: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun, IPA: [hɑjɑstɑˈni hɑnɾɑpɛtutʰˈjun]), is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Other minorities include Assyrians, Ukrainians, Greeks (usually called Caucasus Greeks), Kurds, Georgians, Belarusians, and Jews. Australia, Canada, Greece, Cyprus, Israel, Poland, Ukraine and Brazil. The outbreak of World War I led to confrontation between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire in the Caucasus and Persian Campaigns. From the mid 16th century with the Peace of Amasya, and decisively from the first half of the 17th century with the Treaty of Zuhab until the first half of the 19th century,[70] Eastern Armenia was ruled by the successive Safavid, Afsharid and Qajar empires, while Western Armenia remained under Ottoman rule. Copyright © 1995-2020 eBay Inc. Все права защищены. Armenians enjoyed a period of relative stability within USSR. "(from) Rome, the queen of cities, to the king of eloquence". [143][144], Armenia ranks 54th in the 2017 report The Human Freedom Index (with data from 2016) published by Canada's Fraser Institute. There was, and is, a large Armenian population in the Fresno area. Enhance international co-operation in research and development. [208], The Yazidis, who live in the western part of the country, practice Yazidism. After the Sasanian period (428–636), Armenia emerged as Arminiya, an autonomous principality under the Umayyad Caliphate, reuniting Armenian lands previously taken by the Byzantine Empire as well. Moorat Raphael College has been closed recently, and the location serves as a motel, but occasionally art exhibitions, summer schools and workshops are organized to keep the special artistic atmosphere of the college. But traditionally, duduk music is written for two players where one player sustains a drone note, while the second player plays the song melody. The climate in Armenia is markedly highland continental. In 2016, Armenia had 0.8 global hectares [157] of biocapacity per person within its territory, much less than the world average of 1.6 global hectares per person. Khatchadourian was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor. As the economic situation stabilised and growth resumed, the share of agriculture in GDP dropped to slightly over 20% (2006 data), although the share of agriculture in employment remained more than 40%.[156]. He had risen to prominence by leading the Karabakh movement for the unification of the Armenian-populated Nagorno-Karabakh. He can give his energy to his audience and do a real boom on the stage. Primary and secondary education in Armenia is free, and completion of secondary school is compulsory. Надежный продавец, быстрая доставка и простой возврат товаров. The college also maintained a high academic level of education, a reputable teaching staff, both clergy and laity, and the college had beautiful gardens. [119], On 10 October 2009, Armenia and Turkey signed protocols on the normalisation of relations, which set a timetable for restoring diplomatic ties and reopening their joint border. [11] As a result, the first Armenian books were printed in Venice. [170], The country's Strategy for the Development of Science 2011–2020 envisions that 'by 2020, Armenia is a country with a knowledge-based economy and is competitive within the European Research Area with its level of basic and applied research.' The Mekhitarist Order also publishes the longest-running Armenian periodical, the academic "Pazmaveb". )[176][177] and is the third most densely populated of the former Soviet republics. Active forces now number about 81,000 soldiers, with an additional reserve of 32,000 troops. One of his ancestors changed his surname from Aghassian to Agassi to avoid persecution. [41][42] Springs are short, while autumns are long. Other Christian denominations in Armenia are the Pentecostal branches of Protestant community such as the Word of Life, the Armenian Brotherhood Church,[204] the Baptists which are known as of the oldest existing denominations in Armenia and were permitted by the authorities of Soviet Union,[205][206] and Presbyterians. The apricot is the national fruit. Although the Russian Caucasus Army of Imperial forces commanded by Nikolai Yudenich and Armenians in volunteer units and Armenian militia led by Andranik Ozanian and Tovmas Nazarbekian succeeded in gaining most of Ottoman Armenia during World War I, their gains were lost with the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. Already at the age of 12 gave his first concert. The beginnings of the island's Armenian history started when Mekhitar da Pietro and his seventeen monks built a monastery, restored the old church, and enlarged the island to its present 30,000 square metres, about four times its original area. [67] To escape death or servitude at the hands of those who had assassinated his relative, Gagik II of Armenia, King of Ani, an Armenian named Ruben I, Prince of Armenia, went with some of his countrymen into the gorges of the Taurus Mountains and then into Tarsus of Cilicia. In January 2002, the European Parliament noted that Armenia may enter the EU in the future. Ul founded Armenia; and Gather the Bactrians; and Mesa the Mesaneans; it is now called Charax Spasini. Эта сумма может измениться до момента осуществления платежа. Located in Western Asia,[102][103] on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south. His painting career spanned almost 60 years when he created approximately 6,000 paintings. The Byzantine rule was short lived, as in 1071 the Seljuk Empire defeated the Byzantines and conquered Armenia at the Battle of Manzikert, establishing the Seljuk Empire. Gregorio Sciltian was a painter. There are people who change history. They blocked the interstate highways of the following directions closed: from France to Spain, from France to Belgium, from Belgium to the Netherlands, from […] Christopher Ter-Serobyan was an Armenian chemist from Istanbul, who was hired in 1854 to develop an uncopyable green color for American money. Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues. Clarendon Press", "Charles, R.H. (1913). They are best known for their series of scholarly publications of ancient Armenian versions of otherwise lost ancient Greek texts. : Independent Armenia far below the glory of Soviet times on the pitch, mat", Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia, Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide, Armenian cross-stones art. She is a not only a singer but also an actress, author, businesswoman, comedian, dancer, fashion designer, model, philanthropist, record producer, songwriter, and television host. [126] A 2005 survey reported that 64% of Armenia's population would be in favour of joining the EU. Obsidian, which is found locally, is crafted into assortment of jewellery and ornamental objects. [55][56][57][58] A large cuneiform lapidary inscription found in Yerevan established that the modern capital of Armenia was founded in the summer of 782 BC by King Argishti I. Yerevan is the world's oldest city to have documented the exact date of its foundation. The country used the solar Armenian calendar, which consisted of 12 months. An Armenian principality and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries. Armenia has a difficult relation with neighbouring countries Azerbaijan and Turkey.

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