Try different combos for a variety of entertaining outcomes! Get your favorite colours out and turn your monster into a colourful one. What if we add a second color?
How to Build a Monster. We call the molecules that carry the genetic code deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Cut out and glue on to your monster. (2011, September 12). "How to Build a Monster". Where do architects start when they are building a house?
We will use the letters Y and R to stand for these colors. If you unravel the DNA in each of these cells, the genetic code can be stretched out to over 6 feet long! Just imagine, all the instructions needed to make an entire human or monster are all curled up and packed into a tiny fertilized egg. You can switch cookies off or follow the READ MORE link for more and information on how to. Scientists, teachers, writers, illustrators, and translators are all important to the program. Yes, we need arms & legs… and maybe some wings?! In the game, these will automatically be added to your monster. Place the ‘Monster Map’ and ‘Monster Game Checklist’ in front of you and roll the dice for the first time! A female’s eggs have some of her own DNA, and a male’s sperm has some of his DNA. If we put some of these 3-color combinations together, as if we were putting different letters together to make words, we could make even more combinations. As your first cells grew and split into more and more cells to form your body, the instructions from this activated egg were passed along to each new cell. Karla Moeller. The whole thing would have to be yellow, since that’s the only color we have. Your monster needs EYES! She is an animal physiologist, a science writer, and a children's book author. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteers page to get the process started. So we got together with the lovely people from Learning Resources […] First, of course, you need to download the printable! These colors could join together like colored beads in a long necklace (or strand), hundreds or thousands of beads long. With Monster Maker you use a unique monster code, called a monster genome, to build your own monster.
Molecules are tiny compounds of smaller atoms, which are the smallest units of matter that still act as an element, such as oxygen or carbon. Let’s think again about our 4 colors that can stand for different DNA molecules… red, yellow, blue, and green. Roll the dice and take a look at the ‘Monster NOSE’ print out to see what number goes with which nose! Let’s add red. Minigames help children to develop speed and accuracy of letter recognition. Sperm + Egg = Fertilized cell with full set of DNA.
Choose your favourites! Using computers that can search through the long, long instruction set, or code, that make up human DNA, scientists try to find patterns in the instructions. If you are allowed to make a string of 3 colors, let’s see how many different combinations you can make. This joins together the instructions of both the egg and the sperm, to make the new set of DNA for a child. The instructions would be copied within a cell, and then as that one cell breaks into two different cells, each cell only takes one copy of the instructions. When the egg joins with sperm, the egg is activated, or fertilized. These instructions are made of various combinations of only 4 different molecules. Monster DNA | Building from basic parts | Decoding monster DNA. For plants, animals, and even monsters, there are teeny, tiny instructions that we call our genetic code that act as our blueprint. 12 September, 2011. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/build-monster, Karla Moeller. Retrieved October 30, 2020 from https://askabiologist.asu.edu/build-monster, Karla Moeller. Sometimes, if the DNA changes, then the instructions for what to build will change, or mutate. However, even for important traits like the structure of your cells, sometimes a single DNA molecule will be different than it should be, or there can be missing or extra molecules. Now that you understand how the same 4 molecules can code for so many different combinations of instructions, where do you think the instructions come from? The number rolled will be the amount of eyes your monster will see with! Only one, right? Then, by combining these in different orders, you can get very different words or phrases within long strands of DNA. Cells are the compartments that make up all of the tissues in our body like skin and bones, and most are so small they cannot be seen without a magnifying glass or microscope. For example, red would go with yellow, and blue would go with green. Once you’ve decoded all the color sets, you can see the words, or genes, that decide what your assigned monster picture will look like. For example, the set of 3 colors red-green-blue stands for the capital letter “C”. From these four parts, repeated in different combinations, we are able to get instructions that can build very different things. Females make what are called eggs, and males make what we call sperm. Cut them out and glue onto your monster wherever you like! Author Karla Moeller earned her PhD in Biology at Arizona State University. "How to Build a Monster". The Monster Game. Website Design By Jumping Jax Designs. Hint: Check the Map – there is a windmill! If we had 4 colors, we could make 64 combinations. Most of the time, scientists expect humans to have the same code as each other. Each of these combinations gives a unique instruction to the cell. Tick off part E! In the game, you will see lines of 3 colors of dots, which you will match to sets in the decoding section. Plants, worms, birds, and humans all have instructions that use these same four basic parts. For a house, this usually comes in the form of a large blueprint that maps out all the rooms, their location, and how much space they each have. When building Monster DNA, we like to think of these four parts as different colors. Roll the dice and learn how many sets of arms/legs/wings your monster has! If we had 3 colors, we could make 27 combinations. Roll the dice again and decorate your monster with the pattern that goes with the number your dice shows.
For living things it is a genetic code. What combinations can we make? Once we have these long, double strands, we have long sections in them that we call “genes.” A gene is a section of DNA that decides what traits we will have, such as if our eyes will be blue, or what color our hair is.
For more of the story behind DNA, visit A Monster Story or How to Build a Monster. As you decode the pattern of colored dots you will find instructions for different shapes, parts, or looks for your monster. The best place to start if you are building a house, or any living thing, is with instructions. Last but not least, you can choose a name for your monster and write it on to the sign next to the entry door of the factory on the map! You can also add today’s date so you won’t forget when to celebrate your monsters Birthday! Using a short code, long strings of instructions can be made. Community Solutions, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/04/, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/, Publisher: Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Ask A Biologist. This is why sometimes children have features that look a bit like their mom’s and sometimes they have features that look a bit like their dad’s. Cut out and glue on to your monster! Scientists are working with our own genetic code to help treat and cure diseases.
An academic unit ofThe College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, You may need to edit author's name to meet the style formats, which are in most cases "Last name, First name. For more info, see. One more thing to think about when you are imagining these necklaces is that DNA actually has two strands of colors, or molecules, that are connected, with certain colors almost always sticking together. ASU - Ask A Biologist. DNA strands are made of long connections of different combinations of 4 molecules, which we can think of as letters or colors. By volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. Let’s start with just one color: yellow.
Within this strand is all the information required to build and keep an organism alive. Click on the monster maker button to build a monster.
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