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0000029287 00000 n It has played a most conspicuous part in the history of humanity, and it is, therefore, necessary that the working class should know something regarding its origin and function. Meaning of State. 0000047339 00000 n x�b```���"� ce`a�X�@���z�g7��0���Q��\�y�y:�t8��-�c�;����������9�nY>O?6O^� �$�(vS�t�*�^>.�r�=|.�Z�,������v1E����q���ķ��-�{���s�[�+&@ �x��J����;�;�-9U�F��\��ɚ�6T�*1��Y�u�]&P�A�l�K %��,�)a߹i�H�ܳS%+IQ�"�l#�d�L!W �GO��Z�q����h$`Q8ttt �Ʀ��� (�1)it�e9@D ��@�%�0��LA�s��20�çJa�j>�`�������>Tw��x�����b1~�0���f��� ��5�� %PDF-1.5 %���� <> 178 0 obj<> endobj In common parlance State is a country considered as an organized Political community by one government.Some times, a republic or federations forming part of a country are also called states where as they can’t be termed as states in political sense. State: political unit with the power to make and enforce laws over a group of people living within a clearly defined territory Characteristics of a State 4 Characteristics: •Sovereignty —Must have supreme power to act within its territory and to control its external affairs … endstream endobj 185 0 obj<>stream endstream endobj 179 0 obj<> endobj 181 0 obj<>>> endobj 182 0 obj[183 0 R 187 0 R] endobj 183 0 obj<>>> endobj 184 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/ImageC]>>/Name/FRM/Subtype/Form/FormType 1/Matrix[1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 -27.0]>>stream 0000061165 00000 n startxref <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>>

<<87e552231754654191de58feccd7d773>]>> oil- rich state had a mineral lease requiring the oil companies to pay it 12.5 percent of the gross receipts, less the cost of transporting the oil floutm- o r rhe a f t f ung site at Prudhoe Bay on the Arctic Circle.2 By overestimating their costs by just a few pennies per gallon (and multi- … 0000006835 00000 n endobj 4 0 obj <>>> For example, the nations referred to in the United Nations are actually state. Anyhow when we used the term state in the field of international relation , it has the symbolic sense of signifying the existence of an independent sovereign entity. Some times, a republic or federations forming part of a country are also called states where as they can’t be termed as states in political sense. �Ӆ�X� �Ss��X:� ��������)42��hɕ�mG�Q�cY�y0�. %%EOF 3 0 obj 0000006095 00000 n Adding to this, a state is sovereign. stream State-building as a protection racket: If protection rackets represent organized crime in its clearest form, then war-making and state-making, which are protection rackets with the advantage of legitimacy, qualify as the largest examples of organized crime. ��jv� �7�3i�F`���?z��͠�v�n����!�8(�'���^+�T(�+�%$�N�_�BҦ9��P�ȡ�:1a�A�o!&^φ^) J囮6�3�P�Yj qc���$�C�MX.��"�1x��'�����xUus�9��%\Be♓`c��K��t��aS�I'X�G�PO���M�q5!0�l�Ȁ�e8|V�i�$��#XO��H���h����B��^������c��t6��9 �8� i.

0000006042 00000 n �B��wHy�f�_]� ���� JFIF ` ` �� JFIF ` ` �� LEAD Technologies Inc. V1.01 �� C $.' 180 0 obj<>stream 0000060865 00000 n x��W�j$7}��S�1���]�,�z��l'v/y0y��7�qB6��~�t�Vߦ��0��.霪�����G�������&޾e�?\����B���1'3Z�o_������ ��G!,�3z>�n~�n���%c�&��~4���h�C�h��_�%��Ԫϭ�"�| ��Ԁv��_�#��L��si��k����=b�\�ej�j�2�/Df�� �� <> 0000060670 00000 n

To sum up, we can define state as a society of people politically organized within a definite territory, having its own government with coercive power to enforce obedience and which is free from external control. In common parlance State is a country considered as an organized Political community by one government . 0000005348 00000 n state in violence and predation and its lingering imprint: “All of us, without exception, carry this inher-ited poison within us, in the most varied and unexpected places and STATE AND NATION STATE is more of a political concept while NATION is racial or ethical. The Arab Nation is not a state but a nation which consists of several states, such as Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Egypt, etc. 0000029815 00000 n endobj There are some definitions of state given below, Willoughby says, state is “where there can be discovered in any community of persons a supreme authority exercising control over the, social actions of individuals and groups of individuals and itself subject to no such regulation.”, Salmond defines it “a society of men established for the maintenance of order and justice within a determined territory, by way of force.”. 0000001648 00000 n A state is an autonomous political unit, including many communities within its territories of which it has legitimate centralized power over. 0000006149 00000 n 0000002228 00000 n 2 0 obj

H�*�*B#c=#S 44�1����M�s��=s \�� � �O � %PDF-1.5 endobj 0000029625 00000 n 0000044686 00000 n The Political State is one of the most important social institutions ever created by man. To the extent that the threats against which a … 0000000016 00000 n 0000001614 00000 n The state is an agency of class coercion in the hands of the dominant economic class.

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The state does not stand for the good of all, rather it protects and promotes the interest of the few at the cost of many. The state maintain its exploitative class character right from its origin through various

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